Words are made up from small units of sound called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children to learn to read words and to spell words
In phonics lessons children are taught three main things:
At St Oswald's we use Letters and Sounds to teach phonics, alongside Jolly Phonics actions to support all learners. Letters and Sounds is a fun and child centred approach to teaching literacy through synthetic phonics. Jolly Phonics then adds actions for each of the 42 letter sounds. This multi sensory method is very motivating for children and teachers, and is proven method for securing phonological awareness. The phonetic sounds are taught in a specific order (not alphabetically). This enables children to begin building words as early as possible.
Phonics teaching begins in Nursery and develops throughout Reception and Keystage 1. During Year 1 children take the DfE Phonics check. Some children who either miss the check or don't achieve the pass mark will take the check in Year 2.
If you require any further information about phonics please see your child's class teacher.